The Szkarpawa

River Profile

The Szkarpawa beautifully meanders among the plains of 真豉wy. It has low banks, overgrown with rushes, and a large part of the area to the south is a depression. This eastern, shorter branch of the Vistula Delta begins from the Gda雟ka G這wa Lock (at river kilometre 932.2 of the Vistula) and flows into the Vistula Lagoon after 25.4 km near the village of Os這nka. Halfway through its course (after 15.3 km), the Szkarpawa shares its waters with the Wis豉 Kr鏊ewiecka, which flows into the Vistula Lagoon slightly further to the north.

Navigational Information

Depth and width
The navigable waterway of the Szkarpawa is recognised as class II, with a guaranteed depth of 1.6 m (5.2 ft). Mainstream depth is up to 3.4 m (11.2 ft) and rarely below 2 m (6.6 ft). The current is barely perceptible. The river’s width is up to 100 m (328 ft), and its fairway, marked with beacons, is 30 m (98.4 ft) wide.

Bridges
The Szkarpawa is convenient for navigation. All its bridges are drawbridges or swing bridges, opened at specified hours and at boaters’ request. In order for your vessel to pass under a closed bridge, you need to take the changing water level into account. It fluctuates by up to 1 m (3.3. ft) over short periods of time due to the so called backwater current from the Vistula Lagoon and the Baltic Sea. Power lines
The lowest power line hangs at the height of 13 m (42.6 ft)..

Lock
Caution! During high water stages on the Vistula, the Gda雟ka G這wa Lock may be closed. In 2010 it was closed for two months. This is worth checking before a planned trip.

Vegetation
As far as possible, navigate along the middle of the river. This reduces the risk of the propeller getting entangled in plants and nets near the banks. Water vegetation is an impediment on the broads in Rybina and near the river’s outlet to the Vistula Lagoon. Salvinia – floating water fern, forming thick green carpets – propagates less intensively here that it does on the Nogat.

Stopping places
You will easily find places to stop in coves among rushes. There are a few designated mooring points as well.

Ships and barges
In the season, a cruise ship under the German flag – the Johannes Brahms. travels the entire length of the Szkarpawa. Representing commercial shipping, it always has the right of way. In addition, the vessel has limited manoeuvrability due to its size, and its large displacement results in water being pushed in front of the ship and a difference in water levels between the bow and the stern. Strong current appears by the ship’s sides, and the water level goes down for some time behind the stern, which may considerably affect yachts with a large draught. When encountering the Brahms, hiding in a cove is a good idea. Sometimes we may also encounter cargo ships on the river, which always have the right of way.
 
Hydrotechnical Highlights

Pumping stations: Os這nka and Ch這dniewo.
Each of them pumps 21,000 litres of water per second. The Ch這dniewo station was built in 1929, when 37 polders were combined into one, with an area of 22,000 ha! Os這nka took over the work of 32 polders. In 1945, German troops destroyed the stations and caused the flooding of 真豉wy. The land was reclaimed within 3 years, thanks to pre-war specialists such as Eng. Stefan Homan. The Germans were convinced that the work would take over 50 years. Visits to the stations are possible by prior arrangement – see Information.



Drawbridges. Characteristic of 真豉wy, like arcaded houses and depressions. The most interesting ones may be seen in Rybina. There are three functioning movable bridges there: two drawbridges – on the
way from the Vistula Spit to Nowy Dw鏎 Gda雟ki– and a swing bridge with narrow-gauge railway running across it. They are all historic, but continue to serve the local community and tourists. A new drawbridge connects Drewnica with 真豉wki.



The 真豉wy depression. The 真豉wy region has a unique landscape, unparalleled anywhere in Poland. A well-known depression is located here. Poland’s lowest point below sea level is Raczki Elbl御kie (1.8 m / 5.9 ft bsl), where a depression sign was placed. A few years ago, Gronowo Elbl御kie Commune claimed the title of the lowest-lying depression. Surveys confirmed that in Wikrowo the lowest point lies at 2.6 (8.5 ft) bsl; however, this depression is not a natural landform but a result of peat excavation.



Tourist Highlights

The Gda雟ka G這wa Fortress. Built on the promontory between the Gda雟k Vistula and the Szkarpawa, it had the strategic function of a post defending Gda雟k. The fortress existed in the 16th and 17th centuries. It was pulled down in the late 17th century (after the Treaty of Oliwa), and its remains completely disappeared during the construction of the Przekop Wis造 Canal. The land
where it stood is now under cultivation. A reminder of the stronghold is the picturesque lock bearing its name.




Arcaded houses. Beside Gothic churches, they rank as the most characteristic monuments of 真豉wy. They were built by rich peasants. An average house measured 10 by 20 m (33 by 66 ft). Such buildings typically had a wooden frame structure filled with the so called Dutch bricks. The number of pillars per arcade varied, and the arcade itself usually served as a granary. At the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries they were so popular that other existing houses were converted to arcaded houses. Those
were the times of the famous builder Peter Loewen, whose works may be admired in Or這wo or Marynowy.



The last windmills in 真豉wy.  At the beginning of the 19th century, there were several hundred of them here, draining polders. Today, the region no longer resembles the Land of a Hundred Windmills. Its inhabitants gradually replaced them with steam pumps. Only a few historic specimens survive, e.g. in Drewnica and Palczewo. The former is a wooden windmill (ko幢ak), representing the older type of structure; the latter is a 19th century Dutch windmill.


INTRODUCTION

1

Part One. Discovering the 真豉wy Loop

2

Tales of the Loop: A Page from History

3

Harmony: The Key to Reading the Landscapes of 真豉wy

4

Architecture: The Land of Arcaded Houses and Hydrotechnical Monuments

5

Part Two. The Sailing Routes of the 真豉wy Loop: Sailing and Sightseeing

6

The Vistula

7

The Martwa Wis豉, the 妃ia豉 Wis豉, the Mot豉wa Gda雟ka

12

The Szkarpawa

14

The Wis豉 Kr鏊ewiecka

16

The Elbl庵 River and the Jagiello雟ki Canal

18

The Nogat

20

The Wielka 安i皻a–Tuga

24

The Vistula Lagoon

26

Pas喚ka River and the Canal of Pas喚ka

29

The Kaliningrad Lagoon

30

Part III. The ABC of Sailing: Before You Sail on the 真豉wy Loop

32

Proposed Trip Routes

33

II. The Little Loop of 真豉wy

34

III. To the Capital of the Vistula 真豉wy

35

IV. From Gda雟k to the Vistula Lagoon

36

V. Down the Vistula to Gda雟k

37

VI. Around the Vistula Lagoon

38

Informator

39

Captain’s Tips

40

signs shipping

41

signs shipping

42

Cz窷 IV. Nautical Base of the 真豉wy Loop. Ports and marinas.

43

Mooring Platforms in Tczew

44

The passenger and yacht harbour in Tczew

45

The fishing port in 安ibno

46

The fishing harbour in Mikoszewo

47

Marina in B這tnik

48

Harbour „T璚za”

49

River side hostel in Wi郵inka

50a

Maritime Yacht Club “Neptun”

50

Marina Delphia Yachts - G鏎ki Zachodnie

51

Gda雟k Shipyard Yacht Club

52

Joseph Conrad Yacht Club

53

Academic Maritime Club in Gda雟k

54

AZS Cosa - Academic Sports Association in Gda雟k

55

The National Sailing Centre of the University School of Physical Education and Sport

56

Gda雟k Maritime Club Yachting Harbour

57

Marina on „Tamka” Street

58

Yachting Harbour “Stewa”

59

Northern Yacht Club Harbour

60

WOPR Gda雟k Harbour

61

Marina Gda雟k

62

Kayak and Motorboat Harbour “畝bi Kruk”

63

Marina Sienna Grobla II

64

Polish Maritime Club Harbour (Wis這uj軼ie)

65

Mooring piers in Drewnica

66

Harbour in 真豉wki

67

Mooring piers in Rybina

68

Yacht harbor in Rybina

69

Yacht harbor in Os這nka

70

Houseboat Harbour in Rybina

71

Marina Baltica in Sztutowo

72

Yacht harbor in Sztutowo

73a

Yacht Wharf by the Zygmunt August Boulevard in Elbl庵

73

Yacht harbor Fala

74

The marina of Scout Water Centre “Bryza”

75

Yacht Club Elbl庵

76

Yacht harbor in Bia豉 G鏎a

77

The harbour of the Sports and Leisure Centre in Malbork.

78

Castle Harbour in Malbork

79a

“Park P馧nocny” harbour in Malbork

79

The harbour in Kamienica Elbl御ka

80

The harbour in Nadbrze瞠

81

The harbour in Suchacz

82

The harbour in Kadyny

83

The harbour in Tolkmicko

84

The port in Frombork

85

The port in Piaski

86

The yacht port in Krynica Morska

87

The fishing port in Krynica Morska

88

The port of K徠y Rybackie

89

Yacht harbor in K徠y Rybackie

90

Sailing harbour “Neptun” in K徠y Rybackie

91

The port of Nowa Pas喚ka

92

“Dom Rybaka” harbour in Stara Pas喚ka

93

Stara Pas喚ka harbour

94

Yacht harbor in Braniewo

95

Explanation of the symbols of services available on harbours and their surroundings (1.5 km).

96

Water nodes of the 真豉wy Loop.

97

Gda雟k Water Tram

98

Legend

99

Menu