The Nogat

River Profile

The Nogat is a typical river of Żuławy, with traces of primeval nature and unique heritage sites on both banks. It is the right branch of the Vistula Delta, starting at river kilometre 886.6 of the Vistula, in Biała Góra, and flowing into the Vistula lagoon after 62 km. The Nogat accounts for only 3 percent of the Vistula’s waters reaching the estuary; hence its weak and lazy current, so different from that of the Queen of Polish rivers. The width of the Nogat varies between 80 and 200 m (260–660 ft), and the width of the fairway marked with beacons (buoys) is about 30 m (100 ft). Sailing with the current, we leave  green beacons to port and red ones to starboard. On the banks, rather rarely, white boards are placed with river kilometre marking.

Navigational Information

Depth
The Nogat is recognised as a class II navigable waterway and divided into two stretches. The first one, canalised, stretches from the lock in Biała Góra, through two other locks in Szonowo and Rakowiec, until the barrage in Michałowo at river kilometre 38. The maximum draught of vessels here is 1.6 m (5.25 ft). On the second stretch, up to the river’s outlet to the Vistula Lagoon (62 km), the Nogat is a slowly flowing navigable river – the maximum draught of vessels is 1.4 m (4.6 ft).

Power lines and bridges
The Nogat shouldn’t cause navigational difficulties. The lowest power line hangs at the height of 12 m (39,4 ft). The lowest bridge is the one in Kępki (50.8 km), with the vertical clearance of 3.3–3.7 m (10.8–12.1 ft) at the navigable span, depending on water level. In Kępiny, watch out for the ferry cable, usually stretching across the current.

Locks
All the locks on the Nogat have similar dimensions: c. 57 m (187 ft) in length and c. 9.5 m (31 ft) in width. Equipped with double gates, with only one usually opened by staff. The real width at the entrance and exit gates is less than 5 m (16 ft). By phoning the lock-keeper half an hour in advance, make sure that you find the gate open and enter the lock without waiting in the outer port. The charge is payable in the lock chamber, at the upper water level.

Vegetation
When navigating the Nogat, keep to the middle of the fairway. This reduces the risk of the screw getting entangled in water vegetation – esp. salvinia, the floating fern that grows in the wild on the Nogat. It blooms most intensively in the second half of August and stays afloat until the end of September or even October. Its tight carpets lie in front of lock entrance gates, impeding entry. After the opening of water power plants at the locks in Szonowo and Michałowo, weak current appeared in the river, almost imperceptible to sailors but beneficial to them: vegetation flows downstream better and doesn’t impede passage.

Mooring
The banks of the Nogat are overgrown with rushes, among which nice beaches may be found for mooring and camping.
 
Hydrotechnical Highlights

Gapped flood-banks along the Nogat. While sailing along the Nogat, we may observe flood-banks on its sides. How are they to perform their function with breaches nearly as deep as the water level? Never fear! The flood-banks were built earlier than the locks on the Nogat. They were indispensable to protect the local people when the water level changed frequently. Now, after regulation, the river flows languidly and the water level fluctuates only slightly, without riverside fields getting flooded.


Small water-power plants on the Nogat. Barrages on the Nogat don’t have a high damming potential but, as experts say, every centimetre of difference between water levels can be used for the production of “green power.” Just before the war, a small power plant was built at the lock in Rakowiec. Then, eventually, time came for more locks, the Nogat’s
staircase locks: Szonowo and Michałowo. Each of these power plants yields 0.5 MW from its three turbines, supplying “green power.”



The Biała Góra Lock. A building complex of hydraulic structures separating the waters of Vistula and Nogat. The history of the locks dates back to the 16th century, when the inhabitants of Gdańsk and Elbląg, by means of excavations, seek adjustment of the mainstreams of both rivers. This caused frequent changes in water level, and even problems
with navigability. The lock system consists of the so-called Great Release Lock (regulating water level in Nogat), lock chamber (regulating water flow from the Vistula to the Nogat), a small lock at the mouth of the Liwa to the Nogat (today inoperative) and weirs. The locks are a real attraction with respect to the craftsmanship and precision of their performance.




Tourist Highlights

Siege of Malbork and Magic Malbork. In July and August the two biggest outdoor events in Malbork are held – the Siege of Malbork and Magic Malbork. The first one is a reconstruction of the events dating back more than 600 years to the days, when the Polish-Lithuanian army besieged the castle after winning the battle of Grunwald. Magic Malbork
is a fusion of history and modernity. The main performance combines music, dancing, pictures, lights and acrobatics at height...




Siege Machines in Malbork. The exhibition is the largest collection of its kind in the world. All siege machines have been reconstructed with the highest attention to detail, using original medieval craft techniques.


Miniature Castle in Malbork (in a scale of 1:30). The tower of the castle extends 2 feet above the ground. The whole thing is made up of almost a
million miniature, specially burnt bricks and ccupies an area of more than 50 m2. You can see it near the real walls, by the Town Square,next to the tourist coach stop on Piłsudzkiego street.



INTRODUCTION

1

Part One. Discovering the Żuławy Loop

2

Tales of the Loop: A Page from History

3

Harmony: The Key to Reading the Landscapes of Żuławy

4

Architecture: The Land of Arcaded Houses and Hydrotechnical Monuments

5

Part Two. The Sailing Routes of the Żuławy Loop: Sailing and Sightseeing

6

The Vistula

7

The Martwa Wisła, the Śmiała Wisła, the Motława Gdańska

12

The Szkarpawa

14

The Wisła Królewiecka

16

The Elbląg River and the Jagielloński Canal

18

The Nogat

20

The Wielka Święta–Tuga

24

The Vistula Lagoon

26

Pasłęka River and the Canal of Pasłęka

29

The Kaliningrad Lagoon

30

Part III. The ABC of Sailing: Before You Sail on the Żuławy Loop

32

Proposed Trip Routes

33

II. The Little Loop of Żuławy

34

III. To the Capital of the Vistula Żuławy

35

IV. From Gdańsk to the Vistula Lagoon

36

V. Down the Vistula to Gdańsk

37

VI. Around the Vistula Lagoon

38

Informator

39

Captain’s Tips

40

signs shipping

41

signs shipping

42

Część IV. Nautical Base of the Żuławy Loop. Ports and marinas.

43

Mooring Platforms in Tczew

44

The passenger and yacht harbour in Tczew

45

The fishing port in Świbno

46

The fishing harbour in Mikoszewo

47

Marina in Błotnik

48

Harbour „Tęcza”

49

River side hostel in Wiślinka

50a

Maritime Yacht Club “Neptun”

50

Marina Delphia Yachts - Górki Zachodnie

51

Gdańsk Shipyard Yacht Club

52

Joseph Conrad Yacht Club

53

Academic Maritime Club in Gdańsk

54

AZS Cosa - Academic Sports Association in Gdańsk

55

The National Sailing Centre of the University School of Physical Education and Sport

56

Gdańsk Maritime Club Yachting Harbour

57

Marina on „Tamka” Street

58

Yachting Harbour “Stewa”

59

Northern Yacht Club Harbour

60

WOPR Gdańsk Harbour

61

Marina Gdańsk

62

Kayak and Motorboat Harbour “Żabi Kruk”

63

Marina Sienna Grobla II

64

Polish Maritime Club Harbour (Wisłoujście)

65

Mooring piers in Drewnica

66

Harbour in Żuławki

67

Mooring piers in Rybina

68

Yacht harbor in Rybina

69

Yacht harbor in Osłonka

70

Houseboat Harbour in Rybina

71

Marina Baltica in Sztutowo

72

Yacht harbor in Sztutowo

73a

Yacht Wharf by the Zygmunt August Boulevard in Elbląg

73

Yacht harbor Fala

74

The marina of Scout Water Centre “Bryza”

75

Yacht Club Elbląg

76

Yacht harbor in Biała Góra

77

The harbour of the Sports and Leisure Centre in Malbork.

78

Castle Harbour in Malbork

79a

“Park Północny” harbour in Malbork

79

The harbour in Kamienica Elbląska

80

The harbour in Nadbrzeże

81

The harbour in Suchacz

82

The harbour in Kadyny

83

The harbour in Tolkmicko

84

The port in Frombork

85

The port in Piaski

86

The yacht port in Krynica Morska

87

The fishing port in Krynica Morska

88

The port of Kąty Rybackie

89

Yacht harbor in Kąty Rybackie

90

Sailing harbour “Neptun” in Kąty Rybackie

91

The port of Nowa Pasłęka

92

“Dom Rybaka” harbour in Stara Pasłęka

93

Stara Pasłęka harbour

94

Yacht harbor in Braniewo

95

Explanation of the symbols of services available on harbours and their surroundings (1.5 km).

96

Water nodes of the Żuławy Loop.

97

Gdańsk Water Tram

98

Legend

99

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