The Wielka Święta–Tuga

The Wielka Święta–Tuga River Profile

The river is about 50 km long. It has its source in the Mątawa Forest and resembles a ditch until Nowy Staw. From Nowy Staw until the village of Chlebówka, the water has become strongly cloudy, overgrown by arrowhead and hornwort, with an average depth of 1.2 m (4 ft). From Nowy Dwór Gdański until Żelichowo, the average depth is 1.5 m (5 ft). Near the banks, the river is a green meadow of water lily flowers and nenuphars. The river is calm, ideal for enthusiasts of kayaking and family sailing to take their first steps. The amount and variety of riverside verdure and architectural monuments encountered on the way makes it the most attractive water route of the Żuławy Loop. The Wielka Święta and the Tuga don’t have the status of navigable waterways, which is why they don’t have complete marking. The members of Nowy Dwór Club have restored kilometre signs from the river’s mouth up to the centre of Nowy Dwór Gdanski.

Navigational Information

Current
The river’s current, flowing at 1–2 km/h, emerges when winds become stronger. In spring and autumn, intermediate pumping stations strengthen the current, intensifying the flowing down of water.

Depth
The average depth of the river, at medium water, is c. 1.5 m (4.9 ft). The bed is strongly silted along the entire river. Unfortunately, the route is only accessible to vessels with an air draft of 1.6–1.8 m (2.25–5.9 ft) – depending on water level. Greater depths occur opposite the villages of Chełmek, Tujsk, and Stobiec. Some stretches there are 3–3.5 m (9.8–11.5 ft) deep. Between Nowy Dwór and Nowy Staw, the river has been dredged and its average depth is now 1.5 m (4.9 ft). In Nowy Staw it becomes shallow: less than 1 m (3.3 ft) in depth.

Water vegetation
Floating salvinia – water fern; forms floating islands, esp. between Żelichowo and Nowy Staw. Salvinia floats on the surface and, if it is not clustered by the wind, only the slows vessels down. The greatest problem salvinia causes is the restricted possibility of observing water surface, Branches, plastic bags or strings are difficult to spot. Salvinia’s most prolific growth period is the beginning of August.

Water level changes
When navigating the Tuga on a larger yacht, particularly in spring and autumn (if you manage to pass under the non-operational drawbridge in Tujsk), remember that the water level may rise by half a metre or more overnight.

Poaching nets
One of the dangers is nets, placed across the river. The floats of the upper line are usually slightly below water level. They may remain unnoticed until the last moment.

Bridges
Formerly functional, the drawbridges in Tujsk and Nowy Dwór Gdański are now in a pitiful condition. Fragments of screws and flats jut out of their spans. Also the dolphins are bristling with screws and flaking pieces of wood.
 
Hydrotechnical Highlights

The Drawbridges in Tujsk and Nowy Dwór Gdański. The bridges, currently out of order, were built in the 1930s. Unusually for that period, they have electricity-driven raising mechanisms. One of the bridges also has a non-standard system of counterweights. Both bridges are to be renovated in the future.


The Venice of Nowy Dwór Gdański. A complex of granaries, piers, and mooring facilities. Located in the centre of Nowy Dwór Gdański, near the drawbridge, it served for the handling of cargo from barges. In the the late 1960s, cargo shipping on the Tuga ended.


The Little Dutchman water bus. The open‑deck vessel takes about 10 passengers and is well adapted to the dimensions of the Tuga and the Święta. Trips of various length are possible, including educational trips or ones combined with a tasting of Żuławy dishes. Unique monuments, facilities and related attractions await you along the route: a drawbridge, the Żuławy Museum, a medieval church, the Cemetery of Eleven Villages, an arcaded
house, and aqueduct, and unique nature.




Tourist Highlights

The village of Żelichowo/Cyganek. Formerly, there was the village of Petershagen (Żelichowo) on the left bank, and Tiegenhagen on the right bank (known as Cyganek after the war, until the 1970s). There is one village now, Żelichowo, but attachment to the post-war name lingers. This used to be a place of great economic, political, and spiritual significance. Settlers arrived here from Europe – mostly Germans and, in the 16th c., Mennonites from the Netherlands. It was here that the first flood insurance company in Europe was set up. The village has a church from 1352, Greek Catholic at present, and an emerging open-air Żuławy museum.




Nowy Dwór Gdański: the capital of Żuławy. The capital of Żuławy has a few riverside restaurants, 2 churches, supermarkets, a narrow-gauge and broad-gauge railway station, and pertol stations. The town’s major attraction is the Żuławy Museum, where Nowy Dwór Club Association has collected over 2,000 exhibits. Workshops are held in the Museum; there is a conference room here as well as an exhibition devoted to the Mennonites, the struggle against flood, and the history of Żuławy
(featuring the last draining windmill). There is also a scale model of prewar Nowy Dwór Gdański. On request, a consumption demonstration of Stobbes Machandel vodka, produced by a Mennonite family since 1776. Along the Tuga, there are plenty of convenient mooring places. The cyclic events taking place in the town include Żuławy Days (June), Cheese Fair (July), and Beer Brewing Festival (September).



Nowy Staw. The oldest town in Żuławy, set up in the early 14th c. It has retained its historic medieval urban layout to the present day. The seat
of commune authorities. The place has retained the character of a small town with a charming market square surrounded by historic townhouses
with coffee shops and little restaurants. Places worth seeing include the Żuławy Collegiate Church, the Evangelical church, and the Malt-House.



INTRODUCTION

1

Part One. Discovering the Żuławy Loop

2

Tales of the Loop: A Page from History

3

Harmony: The Key to Reading the Landscapes of Żuławy

4

Architecture: The Land of Arcaded Houses and Hydrotechnical Monuments

5

Part Two. The Sailing Routes of the Żuławy Loop: Sailing and Sightseeing

6

The Vistula

7

The Martwa Wisła, the Śmiała Wisła, the Motława Gdańska

12

The Szkarpawa

14

The Wisła Królewiecka

16

The Elbląg River and the Jagielloński Canal

18

The Nogat

20

The Wielka Święta–Tuga

24

The Vistula Lagoon

26

Pasłęka River and the Canal of Pasłęka

29

The Kaliningrad Lagoon

30

Part III. The ABC of Sailing: Before You Sail on the Żuławy Loop

32

Proposed Trip Routes

33

II. The Little Loop of Żuławy

34

III. To the Capital of the Vistula Żuławy

35

IV. From Gdańsk to the Vistula Lagoon

36

V. Down the Vistula to Gdańsk

37

VI. Around the Vistula Lagoon

38

Informator

39

Captain’s Tips

40

signs shipping

41

signs shipping

42

Część IV. Nautical Base of the Żuławy Loop. Ports and marinas.

43

Mooring Platforms in Tczew

44

The passenger and yacht harbour in Tczew

45

The fishing port in Świbno

46

The fishing harbour in Mikoszewo

47

Marina in Błotnik

48

Harbour „Tęcza”

49

River side hostel in Wiślinka

50a

Maritime Yacht Club “Neptun”

50

Marina Delphia Yachts - Górki Zachodnie

51

Gdańsk Shipyard Yacht Club

52

Joseph Conrad Yacht Club

53

Academic Maritime Club in Gdańsk

54

AZS Cosa - Academic Sports Association in Gdańsk

55

The National Sailing Centre of the University School of Physical Education and Sport

56

Gdańsk Maritime Club Yachting Harbour

57

Marina on „Tamka” Street

58

Yachting Harbour “Stewa”

59

Northern Yacht Club Harbour

60

WOPR Gdańsk Harbour

61

Marina Gdańsk

62

Kayak and Motorboat Harbour “Żabi Kruk”

63

Marina Sienna Grobla II

64

Polish Maritime Club Harbour (Wisłoujście)

65

Mooring piers in Drewnica

66

Harbour in Żuławki

67

Mooring piers in Rybina

68

Yacht harbor in Rybina

69

Yacht harbor in Osłonka

70

Houseboat Harbour in Rybina

71

Marina Baltica in Sztutowo

72

Yacht harbor in Sztutowo

73a

Yacht Wharf by the Zygmunt August Boulevard in Elbląg

73

Yacht harbor Fala

74

The marina of Scout Water Centre “Bryza”

75

Yacht Club Elbląg

76

Yacht harbor in Biała Góra

77

The harbour of the Sports and Leisure Centre in Malbork.

78

Castle Harbour in Malbork

79a

“Park Północny” harbour in Malbork

79

The harbour in Kamienica Elbląska

80

The harbour in Nadbrzeże

81

The harbour in Suchacz

82

The harbour in Kadyny

83

The harbour in Tolkmicko

84

The port in Frombork

85

The port in Piaski

86

The yacht port in Krynica Morska

87

The fishing port in Krynica Morska

88

The port of Kąty Rybackie

89

Yacht harbor in Kąty Rybackie

90

Sailing harbour “Neptun” in Kąty Rybackie

91

The port of Nowa Pasłęka

92

“Dom Rybaka” harbour in Stara Pasłęka

93

Stara Pasłęka harbour

94

Yacht harbor in Braniewo

95

Explanation of the symbols of services available on harbours and their surroundings (1.5 km).

96

Water nodes of the Żuławy Loop.

97

Gdańsk Water Tram

98

Legend

99

Menu