The Vistula Lagoon

The Main Fairway of the Lagoon

Y-shaped, with the stem pointing east. The northern arm is the approach to the Szkarpawa, the water route to Gdańsk, and the southern arm is the approach to the Elbląg River, to Elbląg. The fairway runs as follows: The northern branch: the mouth of the Szkarpawa – Gdańsk Beacon – Elbląg Beacon. Major points of the route: light buoy no. 18 (the mouth of the Szkarpawa), Gdańsk Beacon, and further buoys (unlighted) as far as Elbląg Beacon. The southern branch: the Elbląg River – Elbląg Light (Starboard Entrance Beacon, called “Andzia” – Eng. “Angie”) – Elbląg Beacon (called “Piotruś” – Eng. “Pete”). Major points of the route: The Port Entrance Beacon of the Elbląg River (LGW, red navigation light), Elbląg Light (Starboard Entrance Beacon, called “Andzia” – PGW – situated on the Golden Island). PGW and LGW are located asymmetrically. Elbląg Light and Elbląg Beacon are frequently confused. “Andzia” and the 10 ELB light buoy make up the first fairway gate. The next one consists of unlighted buoys. The light buoys that follow are 1 ELB (green) and 6 ELB (red). Further, unlighted buoys show the way as far as Elbląg Beacon. Both branches of the fairway meet at Elbląg Beacon, and from there the fairway leads east, as far as the country border separating the Vistula Lagoon from the Kaliningrad Lagoon. The main fairway: Elbląg Beacon – TOL buoy – FRO buoy – Polish-Russian border. Major points of the fairway: Elbląg Beacon (lighted, naturally), followed by another light buoy TOL, light buoy no. 4, PIA unlighted buoy, light buoy no. 1, PAS unlighted buoy, and border light buoy no. 10. Approach fairways to ports. The fairways leading from the main fairway to particular ports are marked with buoys and, immediately before ports, usually with gates. These are approach fairways to Piaski, Nowa Pasłęka, Frombork, Krynica Morska, Tolkmicko and Kąty Rybackie.

The Elbląg Bay is the southernmost part of the Vistula Lagoon, most resembling the Masurian Lakes or Lake Jeziorak. The shelter provided by Nowakowska Island makes the wind lighter and the waves smaller here than they are on the Lagoon’s open waters. The Bay is a very shallow water body. Its average depth is 1–1.5 m (3–5 ft), and the farther south we go, the more shallow it gets. The exception is the Lagoon-Elbląg fairway. In Elbląg Bay, the guaranteed fairway depth is 2.2 m (7.2 ft), and further – on the Elbląg River – 3.5 to 4 m (11.5–13 ft). The Bay’s ports are small, with poorly developed boating infrastructure. The region’s largest port is Suchacz, accessible to yachts with a draught up to 1.5 m (4.9 ft). The remaining ports are accessible to yachts with a lower draught: Nadbrzeże (1.2 m / 3.9 ft), Kamienica Elbląska (1.2 m), Jagodna (0.8m / 2.6 ft).

 
Go to map Vistula Lagon »

The Vistula Lagoon is delimited by the Elbląg Upland in the south, by the Vistula Spit in the north, and by the extensive polders of the Vistula Żuławy in the west. The east part of the Lagoon is the marine border with the Russian Federation. Behind that border lie the waters of the Kaliningrad Lagoon and the Strait of Baltiysk (the Pilawa Strait), enabling passage to the Baltic Sea. The Lagoon has an area of 382 sq km (838 sq km together with the Kaliningrad Lagoon). Length: 35.1 km (90.7 km together with the Kaliningrad Lagoon). The width of the Lagoon varies from 6.8 to 13 km, and the average depth is 2.7 m (8.9 ft). The further east, the deeper. The Polish waters of the Lagoon comprise an area two and a half times the size of Lake Śniardwy. The Lagoon is a water body of internal maritime waters. Maritime buoyage is used here, managed by Maritime Office administration. This is an excellent water body for inland sailors thinking of maritime navigation. Considerable distances, long-tack sailing possibilities, the need to read maps and sailing irections, using the GPS, the maritime marking of ports and fairways; buoys, lights, and beacons. Finally, the trip allows to experience your first, immensely exciting, night entry into port. A significant problem is the small depth of the Lagoon as well as ports and fairways becoming shallow. Navigation is unimpeded for yachts with a draught up to 1 m (3.3 ft). During stormy weather, small depths result in the formation of short, steep waves, which may be dangerous even to seasoned sailors. The Lagoon also has many attractions and places worth visiting: the Planetariumin Frombork, the Museum of the Vistula Lagoon in Kąty Rybackie, the beautifulsea beaches of the Vistula Spit, or the Żuławy Narrow-Gauge Railway running from Sztutowo. Every port has a different style here. The bustling Krynica Morska neighbours on the quiet old harbour in Kąty Rybackie. The provincial towns of Frombork and Tolkmicko have a completely different character than the typically Masurian harbour in Jagodno. Nowa Pasłęka is an oasis of peace. Until recently, the Vistula Lagoon could be compared to the Masuria of the 1950s, mainly due to the lack of sailing infrastructure, but also because of the peace and quiet. Thanks to “The Żuławy Loop Project – Water Tourism Development. Stage I,” sailing harbours have been built in Braniewo and Nowa Pasłęka, the yachting port has been extended in Krynica Morska, and the western quay has been developed in the port of Tolkmicko. A port is scheduled to be built in Kąty Rybackie in the nearest future.

INTRODUCTION

1

Part One. Discovering the Żuławy Loop

2

Tales of the Loop: A Page from History

3

Harmony: The Key to Reading the Landscapes of Żuławy

4

Architecture: The Land of Arcaded Houses and Hydrotechnical Monuments

5

Part Two. The Sailing Routes of the Żuławy Loop: Sailing and Sightseeing

6

The Vistula

7

The Martwa Wisła, the Śmiała Wisła, the Motława Gdańska

12

The Szkarpawa

14

The Wisła Królewiecka

16

The Elbląg River and the Jagielloński Canal

18

The Nogat

20

The Wielka Święta–Tuga

24

The Vistula Lagoon

26

Pasłęka River and the Canal of Pasłęka

29

The Kaliningrad Lagoon

30

Part III. The ABC of Sailing: Before You Sail on the Żuławy Loop

32

Proposed Trip Routes

33

II. The Little Loop of Żuławy

34

III. To the Capital of the Vistula Żuławy

35

IV. From Gdańsk to the Vistula Lagoon

36

V. Down the Vistula to Gdańsk

37

VI. Around the Vistula Lagoon

38

Informator

39

Captain’s Tips

40

signs shipping

41

signs shipping

42

Część IV. Nautical Base of the Żuławy Loop. Ports and marinas.

43

Mooring Platforms in Tczew

44

The passenger and yacht harbour in Tczew

45

The fishing port in Świbno

46

The fishing harbour in Mikoszewo

47

Marina in Błotnik

48

Harbour „Tęcza”

49

River side hostel in Wiślinka

50a

Maritime Yacht Club “Neptun”

50

Marina Delphia Yachts - Górki Zachodnie

51

Gdańsk Shipyard Yacht Club

52

Joseph Conrad Yacht Club

53

Academic Maritime Club in Gdańsk

54

AZS Cosa - Academic Sports Association in Gdańsk

55

The National Sailing Centre of the University School of Physical Education and Sport

56

Gdańsk Maritime Club Yachting Harbour

57

Marina on „Tamka” Street

58

Yachting Harbour “Stewa”

59

Northern Yacht Club Harbour

60

WOPR Gdańsk Harbour

61

Marina Gdańsk

62

Kayak and Motorboat Harbour “Żabi Kruk”

63

Marina Sienna Grobla II

64

Polish Maritime Club Harbour (Wisłoujście)

65

Mooring piers in Drewnica

66

Harbour in Żuławki

67

Mooring piers in Rybina

68

Yacht harbor in Rybina

69

Yacht harbor in Osłonka

70

Houseboat Harbour in Rybina

71

Marina Baltica in Sztutowo

72

Yacht harbor in Sztutowo

73a

Yacht Wharf by the Zygmunt August Boulevard in Elbląg

73

Yacht harbor Fala

74

The marina of Scout Water Centre “Bryza”

75

Yacht Club Elbląg

76

Yacht harbor in Biała Góra

77

The harbour of the Sports and Leisure Centre in Malbork.

78

Castle Harbour in Malbork

79a

“Park Północny” harbour in Malbork

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The harbour in Kamienica Elbląska

80

The harbour in Nadbrzeże

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The harbour in Suchacz

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The harbour in Kadyny

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The harbour in Tolkmicko

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The port in Frombork

85

The port in Piaski

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The yacht port in Krynica Morska

87

The fishing port in Krynica Morska

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The port of Kąty Rybackie

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Yacht harbor in Kąty Rybackie

90

Sailing harbour “Neptun” in Kąty Rybackie

91

The port of Nowa Pasłęka

92

“Dom Rybaka” harbour in Stara Pasłęka

93

Stara Pasłęka harbour

94

Yacht harbor in Braniewo

95

Explanation of the symbols of services available on harbours and their surroundings (1.5 km).

96

Water nodes of the Żuławy Loop.

97

Gdańsk Water Tram

98

Legend

99

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