The Kaliningrad Lagoon

The Kaliningrad Lagoon – characteristics

The Lagoon is located in the depths of the Gda雟k Bay of the Baltic Sea, from which it is separated by sandy embankment – Mierzeja Wi郵ana (Baltic). The north-eastern part of the Lagoon territorially belongs to Russia and is located in the south-western part of the Kaliningrad Oblast. The total length of the coastline is 270 km, of which 149 km is in Russian territory. Average depth of the water body reaches 2.7 m, the maximum depth is - 5.2 m and its surface is 838 km2 of which 472,5 km2 (56.2 percent) lies within the boundaries of Russia. In the north-western part it creates Primorska Bay of semicircular shape. From the west side the Lagoon is bounded by a part of the Mierzeja Wi郵ana, that near the town of Ba速yjsk is split by a 400 m long strait, deepened to the level of 9-12 m below the surface, which allows the passage of ships into the Baltic Sea. The aqueous system (regime) of Kaliningrad Lagoon and the whole Vistula Lagoon shows a large dependence on the outflow of rivers, as well as on the exchange of its waters with seawaters. Into the Lagoon, among others, flows Prego豉, Mamonowka and Prochodnaja. The edges of the water body are low and muddy, and only in some places slightly raised. The reservoir is surrounded by sandy shoals with a depth of up to 2 m and a width of 0.8 - 1.6 km. The bottom of the Lagoon consists of mostly loam and muszka. Only in some of its areas it is loamy and sandy.

Fairways of the Kaliningrad Bay

Kaliningrad Sea Canal – leads from the port of Ba速yjsk to the port of Kaliningrad. The smallest depth in the engaged part of the Canal is 8.5 m. The bottom consists of sand and silt. The smallest width of the sheltered with banks part of the Canal is 40 m, while the width of the unsheltered part is 65 m. Embankments surround the Canal from the South (except for the south-eastern part of the Primorskaja Bay). They create artificial islands numbered 1 to 8, counted from the port of Kaliningrad to the Primorskaja Bay. On the banks grow dense, deciduous forests, which provide protection for ships against southern winds. Between the earthworks there are passages with widths of up to 30 m and depths of 0.5-2.5 m. Their depths change, and there are shallows after the islands. Therefore, exits from the Canal to the Kaliningrad Oblast for yachts with a draft of more than 2 m are only in the open section and at the passage by the island no. 1. Near the northern banks of the Kaliningrad Sea Canal there are shallows with a depth of less than 1 m. Sailing in this area is very dangerous. Kaliningrad Sea Canal is fitted with navigational light signs. Especially many signs are on the areas of frequent ship manoeuvring and at the curves. On the south side of the Canal, every 100 m, there are joints painted on

Main fairway of the Kaliningrad Lagoon – marked with light buoys of red and white colours - leads from the Polish border to the island of Nasypnoj. At the section of passing the Krasnof這tsk, on the right side of the fairway, there are dangerous rocky shoals and sunken wrecks. After the Nasypnoj island, from the main fairway leads an approach-trail to the Kaliningrad Sea Canal. On the southern shore of the Lagoon there is a sheltered port – Uszakowo. At the end of the Kaliningrad Lagoon the fairway connects with the last section of the Sea Canal and port waters, from where the fairway leads to Kaliningrad, or, through an approach-trail, to the Kaliningrad Yacht Club, situated on the southern bank. The fairway is intended for yachts with a draft of up to 2 m.

Port Ba速yjsk - the Kaliningrad Yacht Club – the fairway is dedicated to yachts with a draft of up to 2 m. The trail leads from the Mierzeja Ba速yjska, through the Kaliningrad Sea Canal to the Primorskaja Bay, and farther on to the Kaliningrad Yacht Club through the Kaliningrad Lagoon. The length of the trail is 34.6 km.

Port Ba速yjsk - the Kaliningrad Yacht Club –the recommended way for yachts with a draft of up to 1.5 m. The fairway extends from the Mierzeja Ba速yjska to the man-made island of Nasypnoj and then through the Kaliningrad Lagoon to the Kaliningrad Yacht Club. The length of the trail is 36,3 km. During navigation, particularly on the trail between Ba速yjsk and Nasypnoj Island, an extra caution is required and attention to the northwestern section of the fairway, near which there are navigation hazards in the form of: protruding from the water metal parts of piers and concrete structures. Underwater are also poles and other unmarked obstacles.

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- rocky shoal Szczukinskaja, which extends 4 kilometers to the north from the shore in the area of Szczukino settlement, - wreck situated 1.5 miles to the west of the village of Kurgannyj, - in the Primorskaja Bay and in the southern part of the Lagoon there is a risk of contact with obstacles that are not marked on maps (fishing nets).

Primorskaja Bay is a non-navigational water body, inaccessible to foreigners. This tight reservoir sharply cuts into the Sambijski Peninsula, east of the port of Ba速yjsk. The northern and eastern shores of the Bay are covered with small bushes, reeds and grasses. On the west bank there is a forest, which gradually expands from the south to the north. In the central part of the Bay the depth is 3.3-3.9 m, which gradually decreases the closer to the banks. In the south-eastern part of the Bay there are shallows of sand and silt. The bottom of the reservoir is also silty, there, common is grey sand and, in some places, silt and shells. Along the shores of the Bay, especially in the eastern part of the the reservoir, grow lots of seaweeds. Adjacent to the northern shoreline is the Kaliningrad Sea Canal over the length of 32.4 km, connecting Ba速yjsk with the port of

During the navigation season, the weather conditions of the Kaliningrad Lagoon are favourable. They are characterized by features of climate change in the south-eastern Baltic Sea. Good visibility facilitates continuous observation of the banks, although fog may occur during the summer. The wind speeds reaches up to 5-8 m/s – these range usually from south-western
through western to northern winds. Storm occurrence is extremely rare. In addition to the breeze, the area is sometimes affected by a local wind, known as the „biern-sztajnwind”, which blows from the sea to the shore and gradually subsides from the north-west. Depending on the wind, the Kaliningrad Lagoon experiences changes in water level. With wind ranging from southern to south-western the water level stays the same, however, winds blowing from south-west, west, up to north-west cause the water to raise, whereas the winds of other directions lower it relatively to the average sea level. Moreover, water currents of the Lagoon are directed towards the west. During storms and western winds the current may change its direction to the opposite

Sailing on the Kaliningrad Lagoonis not very difficult. However, sailors need to pay attention to the hydro-meteorological conditions, the water level and other local conditions. Due to the large number of shallows, it is recommended to constantly control own position. This is especially vital for
units sailing near the south-eastern bank of the Kaliningrad Lagoon. When navigating, beneficial is orientation according to the lights and signs on the north shore of the Lagoon and the Kaliningrad Sea Canal. The most convenient signs are lights and the lighthouse in Ba速yjsk, the Isle of Nasypnoj (day only), range lights of Krasnof速osk, waterside sign (southern) - two high
chimneys of the town of Swiet造j, the islands of the Kaliningrad Sea Canal, the church in Uszakowo, and the contours of houses of Pribie積yj and of the city of Kaliningrad.

Tourist use of the Kaliningrad Oblast

Passenger traffic on the Kaliningrad Lagoon is marginal and undergoes locally. In the 90s of the 20th century was the initialization of international cruises, mainly on hydrofoil boats, from Swiet造j, Kaliningrad and Ba速yjsk to the Polish ports of the Vistula Lagoon, i.e. of Frombork, Krynica Morska and Elbl庵. In the years 2006-2009 the passenger and yacht navigation activity between Russian and Polish part of the Lagoon was suspended. The signing of the new agreement concerning free sailing has opened a new opportunity for resumption of the tourist navigation on the reservoir. In addition, the agreement also gave units the ability to sail under banners of third countries. The scope of the activity of yachts and powerboats on the waters of Kaliningrad Lagoon is not relative to its potential. The Russian part the Lagoon consists of 472,5 km2, which represents 56.2% of the surface area of the whole water body. In that part of the Lagoon there is only one operative sailing complex plus 10 ports and marinas, which most often are used for the purposes of fishing, cargo ports operations
or administration. In the southern part of the Kaliningrad Lagoon lies: Krasnof這tskoje and Uszakowo ports and the Kaliningrad Yacht Club, in the northern part – ports in Ba速yjsk, Wzmorie and passenger harbour in Swiet造j. In addition, sailors and power-boaters also have the option to moor their units in the port of Kaliningrad. Unfortunately, port infrastructure and the facilities in the marinas are heavily decapitalized and in need of modernization. There is also a need to create a network of ports and yacht harbours around the water body.



Part One. Discovering the 真豉wy Loop


Tales of the Loop: A Page from History


Harmony: The Key to Reading the Landscapes of 真豉wy


Architecture: The Land of Arcaded Houses and Hydrotechnical Monuments


Part Two. The Sailing Routes of the 真豉wy Loop: Sailing and Sightseeing


The Vistula


The Martwa Wis豉, the 妃ia豉 Wis豉, the Mot豉wa Gda雟ka


The Szkarpawa


The Wis豉 Kr鏊ewiecka


The Elbl庵 River and the Jagiello雟ki Canal


The Nogat


The Wielka 安i皻a–Tuga


The Vistula Lagoon


Pas喚ka River and the Canal of Pas喚ka


The Kaliningrad Lagoon


Part III. The ABC of Sailing: Before You Sail on the 真豉wy Loop


Proposed Trip Routes


II. The Little Loop of 真豉wy


III. To the Capital of the Vistula 真豉wy


IV. From Gda雟k to the Vistula Lagoon


V. Down the Vistula to Gda雟k


VI. Around the Vistula Lagoon




Captain’s Tips


signs shipping


signs shipping


Cz窷 IV. Nautical Base of the 真豉wy Loop. Ports and marinas.


Mooring Platforms in Tczew


The passenger and yacht harbour in Tczew


The fishing port in 安ibno


The fishing harbour in Mikoszewo


Marina in B這tnik


Harbour „T璚za”


River side hostel in Wi郵inka


Maritime Yacht Club “Neptun”


Marina Delphia Yachts - G鏎ki Zachodnie


Gda雟k Shipyard Yacht Club


Joseph Conrad Yacht Club


Academic Maritime Club in Gda雟k


AZS Cosa - Academic Sports Association in Gda雟k


The National Sailing Centre of the University School of Physical Education and Sport


Gda雟k Maritime Club Yachting Harbour


Marina on „Tamka” Street


Yachting Harbour “Stewa”


Northern Yacht Club Harbour


WOPR Gda雟k Harbour


Marina Gda雟k


Kayak and Motorboat Harbour “畝bi Kruk”


Marina Sienna Grobla II


Polish Maritime Club Harbour (Wis這uj軼ie)


Mooring piers in Drewnica


Harbour in 真豉wki


Mooring piers in Rybina


Yacht harbor in Rybina


Yacht harbor in Os這nka


Houseboat Harbour in Rybina


Marina Baltica in Sztutowo


Yacht harbor in Sztutowo


Yacht Wharf by the Zygmunt August Boulevard in Elbl庵


Yacht harbor Fala


The marina of Scout Water Centre “Bryza”


Yacht Club Elbl庵


Yacht harbor in Bia豉 G鏎a


The harbour of the Sports and Leisure Centre in Malbork.


Castle Harbour in Malbork


“Park P馧nocny” harbour in Malbork


The harbour in Kamienica Elbl御ka


The harbour in Nadbrze瞠


The harbour in Suchacz


The harbour in Kadyny


The harbour in Tolkmicko


The port in Frombork


The port in Piaski


The yacht port in Krynica Morska


The fishing port in Krynica Morska


The port of K徠y Rybackie


Yacht harbor in K徠y Rybackie


Sailing harbour “Neptun” in K徠y Rybackie


The port of Nowa Pas喚ka


“Dom Rybaka” harbour in Stara Pas喚ka


Stara Pas喚ka harbour


Yacht harbor in Braniewo


Explanation of the symbols of services available on harbours and their surroundings (1.5 km).


Water nodes of the 真豉wy Loop.


Gda雟k Water Tram